eotitlán del Valle is a small village and municipality located in the Tlacolula District in the east of the Valles Centrales Region, 31 km from the city of Oaxaca in the foothills of the Sierra Juárez mountains. Oaxaca has a rich history of culture. Between approximately 1500 and 500 B.C., the Zapotecan city of San José Mogote – what is now the state of Oaxaca- was the largest and most important settlement in the region.
During the pre-colonial period, Oaxaca was home to over a dozen separate cultures, each with its own language, customs and traditions. The Zapotecas constituted one of the largest and most sophisticated societies with villages and farmlands located throughout the region. The Zapoteca were skilled in astronomy and excavation, and leveled the top of a local mountain around 450 B.C. and created the ceremonial center now called Monte Albán. One of the most densely populated cities in Mesoamerica, Monte Albán is estimated to have had 18,000 Zapotecan residents at its peak.